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Wednesday, January 9, 2013

Coffee Break Training (EMS): Human Trafficking

 Learning Objective:  The student shall be able to recognize the signs of human trafficking.

Human trafficking is the use of force, fraud or coercion to exploit someone for labor or commercial sex. Any minor exploited for commercial sex is a victim of human trafficking. Thousands of men, women and children are trafficked in the United States every year. Many of these victims are lured from their homes with false promises of well-paying jobs; instead, they are forced into prostitution, involuntary domestic servitude, farm or factory labor, or other types of forced labor.
Approximately one-third of human trafficking victims are treated by medical providers. Similar to observing patients for signs of abuse, fire and emergency medical service responders should be aware of the signs of human trafficking.

Trafficking Indicators
—Is the patient accompanied by another person who seems controlling?
—Does the person accompanying the patient insist on giving information or talking?
—Does the patient have trouble communicating due to language or cultural barriers?
— Are the patient’s identification documents (for example, passport, driver’s license) being held or controlled by someone else?
—Does the patient appear submissive or fearful?
—Is the patient inadequately dressed for the situation or work done?
—Are there security measures designed to keep the patient on the premises?
—Does the patient live in a degraded, unsuitable place or share sleeping quarters?
—Is the patient suffering from classical presentations found in trafficking victims?
Classical Presentations Found in Trafficking Victims
—Bruises in various stages of healing caused by physical abuse.
—Scars, mutilations or infections due to improper medical care.
—Urinary difficulties, pelvic pain, pregnancy or rectal trauma caused from working in the sex industry.
—Chronic back, hearing, cardiovascular or respiratory problems as a result of forced manual labor in unsafe conditions.
—Poor eyesight and/or eye problems due to dimly lit work sites.
—Malnourishment and/or serious dental problems.
—Disorientation, confusion, phobias or panic attacks caused by daily mental abuse, torture and culture shock.

Report Suspected Human TraffickingWhen observing patients or incidents with these signs of human trafficking, responders should notify local law enforcement or call 866-347-2423 anytime.

Report suspected human trafficking activity to law enforcement (available 24/7, in over 300 languages and dialects at):

  • Call 1-866-347-2423 (toll free)
  • Call 1-802-872-6199 (non toll free international)
  • Report online at
Or call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) at 1-888-3737-888 to get help or connect with a service provider in your area. The NHTRC is not a law enforcement or immigration authority and is operated by a nongovernmental organization.

For more information, please contact the Blue Campaign at

Original Source: Human Trafficking (#EMS-2013-1)

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