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Monday, December 3, 2012

SAAMI - Sporting Ammunition and the Fire Fighter

Isn't it dangerous to collect ammunition?  If there is a fire, wouldn't it blow up the neighborhood?
Virtually every household in America contains many common items which are far more dangerous than even a massive ammunition collection.   Cans of spray paint or hair spray, a container of gasoline for a lawn mower, or a propane tank for a BBQ grill or even a small propane torch for home improvement use will all "explode" about as easily as ammunition, and cause more damage by providing fuel to a fire.

Tests have shown that ammunition exposed to a fire may eventually be heated to the point that the primer and/or powder will ignite.  This will usually result in the cartridge case rupturing, and force the primer from the primer pocket.  The powder burns, and does not explode. Since the ammunition is not constrained within the barrel of a gun, the force is dispersed in all directions, and the bullet will do little more than drop out of the case.  The primer, any pieces of the ruptured cartridge case, and the bullet  will not penetrate anything much stronger than a corrugated cardboard box a few inches away.  Military surplus "ammo cans" are excellent and safe methods for storing ammunition. 

Newspaper accounts of house or business fires where "bullets exploded by the heat went shooting over firefighters' heads" are completely false and based on invalid assumptions and ignorance.  However, news people often leap to hysterical conclusions which attract a lot of attention and are seldom corrected



 
 
Transcript: 
0:17
supporting any nation in the firefighter is produced by sami the sporting arms
0:21
and ammunition manufactures institute
0:24
sammy was created in nineteen twenty six at the request of the united states
0:28
federal government to create standards related to safety and reliability and
0:32
firearms ammunition components
0:35
this video as part of our continuing mission to promote safety in this case
0:39
by providing firefighters with fact-based information to help them
0:43
address the realities of fires they contain sporting ammunition
0:47
peachy around the world
0:49
the public shoots billions of cartridges in shock shells
0:53
rifle and handgun cartridges consist of a brass case with primer powder and
0:58
bullet
0:59
shot shells are similar
1:01
but also have a wild that holds the shot
1:04
sporting a new nation include shot schultz oh two eighty eight
1:08
and handgun rifle cartridges up to fifty caliber
1:12
this video examine sporting ammunition only it does not address military or law
1:17
enforcement and initiatives such as tear gas cartridges tracers or incendiary
1:21
projectiles
1:24
these demonstrations do not apply to a loaded firearm
1:28
in a fire patching bird firearm we'll shoot as if the trigger was pulled
1:33
sammy thinks the international association of fire chiefs for their
1:36
input during the making of this video
1:39
their firefighters
1:40
we always encounter rhys and hazards and before we enter into any
1:45
incident we should be doing a risk assessment and looking at the levels of
1:49
risk before involved
1:50
i think in the fall of demonstrations with small arms ammunition he'll also
1:54
realize that the risk is very low he should be treated no differently than
1:58
any other hazards instructor pilot
2:10
smokeless powders must be confined to propel a projectile akan velocity
2:15
when not in a firearm
2:16
projectile velocities are extremely low
2:20
to demonstrate this fact a special test device was made to hold cartridges
2:24
one-at-a-time for igniting and filming in slow motion
2:28
which will be a shot show is the most common shot shell available
2:32
without the confinement of a file on camera
2:35
the shock is not penetrate standard two hundred pound fiber board at a distance
2:39
of seven inches
2:43
projectiles superficially mark the fiber board
2:46
much of the powder is left on bernie
2:52
unsupported five hundred smith and wesson magnum handgun cartridge exhibits
2:56
more energy anestachio
2:59
the brass breaks apart and the bullet may penetrate one sheet of five eighths
3:03
inch sheetrock
3:05
it may not even penetrate their farm
3:07
which happened here
3:10
the four sixteen remington magnum rifle cartridge
3:13
is one of the largest sporting cartridges
3:16
but that's similar to magnum handgun cartridge
3:27
conclusion
3:28
projectiles ignited outside a firearm
3:31
have significantly lower velocities and energies that man shot from a firearm
3:49
if any nation has dropped in transportation or storage
3:51
willette ignite
3:53
to answer this question
3:55
consumer packages of ammunition were dropped from a height of sixty five feet
3:59
measured with the weight of world
4:01
the sporting emulation consisted of a fifty-round box of federal three fifty
4:06
seven sick
4:07
handgun cartridges
4:08
a twenty five around lots of remington twelve-gauge shot shells
4:12
and a twenty round box of twenty four fifty eight point four cartridges one of
4:16
the biggest cartridges on the market
4:19
consumer packages of shot shells handguns and rifles cartridges were
4:22
dropped at the same time
4:25
from this extreme quite
4:27
two of the handgun cartridges ignited
4:29
there was no propagation from cartridge to cartridge
4:34
three shipping cases of the same ammunition were dropped from sixty five
4:38
feet
4:39
these cases contend two hundred rounds of rifle cartridges
4:42
two hundred fifty rounds of shots shells and one thousand rounds of handgun
4:47
cartridges
4:50
none of the ammunition ignited
4:53
conclusion
4:54
when dropped from extreme heights supporting ammunition is unlikely to
4:57
ignite
4:58
the cartridge ignites
5:00
it does not propagate
5:11
if a cartridges ignited accidentally will ignite other cartridges
5:14
the ultimate test is to shoot boxes of ammunition with a high-power rifle
5:19
ammunition in retail packaging and shipping cases was placed on a pedestal
5:23
in the cabinet
5:24
to help contain the impacted cartridges
5:27
which can scanner for twenty to thirty feet
5:30
the cabinet also protects the slow-motion camera
5:33
some unacknowledged cartridges were not found immediately
5:37
but all cartridges were accounted for by the end of the day
5:41
the three oh eight caliber rifle used here
5:43
the shooting one hundred fifty green bullets two thousand six hundred
5:47
tentative per second from a distance of sixty five yards
5:51
handgun rifle and shot shells were tested
5:55
a retail box of each type was shot
5:57
followed by shooting a case of the same ammunition
6:16
four cartridges ignited
6:27
five cartridges ignited
6:34
gunpowder pork out of the impacted cartridges
6:44
three-card regions where ruptured without igniting
6:53
five cartridges were damaged
6:55
three of them were ignited
7:11
gunpowder erupted from the shot shells without igniting
7:21
for shot shells were damaged
7:33
one primary was destroyed which did not ignite the shot shell
7:40
conclusion
7:41
most of the ammunition did not ignite
7:44
when a cartridge did ignite there was no chain reaction
8:05
old
8:07
lasting cancer used to ignite quite forces
8:10
they send out a shockwave and final manam fragments
8:14
blasting cap was placed inside a box of four fifty-eight winchester magnum rifle
8:19
cartridges
8:20
the blasting cap destroyed the package
8:22
none of the cartridges ignited
8:33
totally destroyed category
8:39
it was decided to place a blast in catholic side effect is
8:43
a box of fifty winchester forty-five cold cartridges was used
8:47
the primer was exposed
8:49
the blasting cap was a fixed on top of the expos primer
8:54
the targeted cartridge ignited
8:56
but no one around and i didn't
8:58
there was no propagation
9:00
the fifty-round boss was largely undisturbed
9:03
next an entire two hundred fifty round case of federal twelve-gauge shot shells
9:08
was used
9:09
polls were cut through the fiber board and consumer packaging to expose a
9:12
primer
9:14
the blasting cap was attached directly against the expos primer
9:18
the targeted shot shelving knighted
9:20
there was no propagation
9:22
the two hundred fifty round case was largely undisturbed
9:26
the tests showed that blasting caps are usually unable to ignite sporting
9:30
ammunition
9:31
when placed directly against an expose primer
9:34
the blasting cap made nine that cartridge
9:37
there was no propagation from cartridge to cartridge
9:43
conclusion
9:44
ignition using a blasting cap is difficult and is not propagate
10:00
a forklift was driven at high speed into a pallet of ammunition
10:05
there was no addition
10:07
damage to the ammunition was negligible
10:12
worst-case scenario it was decided
10:17
russian livable
10:20
rejecting visas
10:23
two hundred mounting federal seven millimeter remington magnum rifle
10:27
cartridges
10:28
two hundred rounds of point eighteen forty four magnum handgun cartridges
10:32
and two hundred fifty rounds of federal twelve-gauge magnum shot shells
10:37
the bulldozer crushed the cases
10:39
no ammunition was ignited
10:51
since crushing the ammunition did not cause the sporting a new nation to
10:54
ignite
10:55
it was decided to conduct an extreme test
10:58
all the packaging was removed
11:00
the ammunition was left in piles on the ground
11:04
the bulldozers and won't be any nation on the asphalt
11:08
this demonstration is extreme
11:10
but it shows and missions resistance to accidentally mixed
11:13
during thirty seconds of grinding
11:15
screenshot shell primers were ignited
11:19
many climbers were crushed without igniting
11:28
two one four climbers were ignited
11:33
no propagation occur
11:39
many cartridges were crushed without igniting
11:58
none of the handgun cartridges ignited
12:08
most extreme
12:12
unlikely to overnight and does not propagating
12:28
a bonfire of packaging munition was conducted
12:31
the purpose was to measure the danger of projectiles from an ammunition fire
12:35
demonstrate that sporting ammunition does not mass explode in a fire
12:40
twenty eight thousand rounds of sporting ammunition were placed on a bench table
12:44
above award and diesel bonfire
12:47
nine witness hands were placed around the fire fifteen to fifty feet from the
12:51
bonfire
12:53
the witness stand speech consisted of a two-by-four would rectangle
12:57
this dog wall frame was covered front and back one tool for twenty eight foot
13:01
sheets of five aids and she rock
13:04
diesel fuel was applied to the working people people
13:10
the bonfire was ignited
13:15
the ammunition began to ignite
13:20
the ammunition was not fully involved
13:56
melted plastic from shot shelton's burned on the ground
14:09
witnessed plates that we've set up meetings the proc
14:12
various distances from the fire could show exactly how much
14:16
get them and with what portion
14:21
only a few pieces of the ammunition actually went through the first piece of
14:25
sheet rock and none penetrated the second
14:28
a lot of the pieces of any action stuck in the sheetrock
14:31
and install bcn for treating from it
14:35
we stepped out from behind the shelter that was used for the video cameras
14:39
in our poll firefighter turnout birthday shield vannatter helmet
14:43
and were able to feel some of the pieces of the ammunition striker turn out here
14:47
in fall into the ground
14:48
nothing more than a force to actually carry into the turnout here or injury
14:52
anyone
14:53
conditioned upon your convenient imitating
14:56
the noise is intense
14:58
you can see and here projectiles flying past you
15:02
this test demonstrated that sporting a munitions and a large and intense finder
15:06
does not create projectiles dangerous to firefighters within a reasonable working
15:11
distance
15:15
conclusion
15:16
supporting ammunition fires are no easy
15:19
but the projectiles have low-energy and remarks we can't find one sheet rocket
15:23
short distances
15:25
normal turnout here will protect the firefighter at a reasonable working
15:29
distance
15:59
eighteen thousand rounds of sporting ammunition were placed in a matchbox
16:02
without and packaging
16:04
the bonfire was doused with diesel
16:07
and ignited
16:26
app
16:29
the absence of back and did not increase the intensity of the fire
16:36
put heat anti-white cost the state of the collapse
16:53
the plastic from johnson one early morning after the wouldn't be so fun or
16:57
was removed
17:07
conclusion
17:09
the lack of packaging did not cause the ammunition to burn more fiercely
17:13
no explosion occurred
17:42
one hundred fifteen thousand rounds of sporting ammunition were placed in a
17:45
simulated retail store
17:48
this included shot shell
17:49
handgun rifle ammunition
17:52
there was a large amount of ammunition in a small area
17:56
the warden diesel fire was intense
17:58
these factors created an unusually intense ammunition fire
18:04
the fire was ignited
18:31
fill it out
18:32
making approach with two different attack lines
18:36
cutting off a mobile
19:10
rich completed the firefight on up
19:12
retail store of over a hundred thousand rows of sorghum ammunition
19:17
we came up with two different poses
19:19
and the initial
19:20
officer to put his wide pattern of life was almost immediately affected david i
19:26
came around behind him
19:28
with that never or fog and reach the back of the building
19:32
and we were very effective it worked really fast
19:35
who are approaching the borrower or what
19:37
any project alpharetta anything that came out before was very low velocity
19:42
and uh... nobody got strep that will make in our fire vaccinate projectiles
19:47
from afar
19:49
the wall in this room was a normal stonewall made up of two going forward
19:53
the front of the wall was covered by finding tension brock
19:57
the backside all consisted of seven sixteenths inch would wait for board
20:02
the sheetrock was tested more severely mister than in the bonfire
20:07
the sheet wanted the scenario is only zero two five feet from the ammunition
20:12
none of the one hundred fifteen thousand rounds was more than twelve feet away
20:16
from the sheetrock
20:17
there were many penetrations of the sheetrock
20:21
as she brought penetrations from best seen by the sheet rock dust on the wood
20:24
sheeting behind
20:27
no evidence of any penetration or even any dent was found on the would she be
20:32
at one place in the wall there were two pieces of sheetrock overlapping
20:36
the seventies
20:37
was undamaged
20:41
the fire was controlled within ten seconds
20:44
projectiles were mobile on city
20:46
printed nineteen p two firefighters
21:00
five pallets of sporting any nation containing two hundred fifty two
21:04
thousand rounds were placed in a semi trailer
21:06
wood and paper fuel was piled against the palace
21:12
the fuel unbalance was so put ten gallons of diesel fuel
21:16
the fire was ignited
21:36
firefighters had path of the project and struck central time
21:41
nineteen percent right
22:00
redistricting semi trailer fire
22:03
were able to get up here
22:05
and not the fire down very quickly with which you attack lines
22:08
we had to climb up into the trailer and get some of it
22:11
hidden hot spots back behind the pallets of anything
22:15
and we really usual ammunition still going on
22:22
i walked up to the fire after it was then fall blaze a name initially was
22:27
going up very quickly
22:29
and i've seen that happen
22:30
penetration rocket previous tests so i came up to test it out mcdonough
22:35
for spring
22:37
and i felt
22:38
being threatened and times
22:41
pain sensation or didn't feel very hard from our vantage point i was pumping the
22:47
structure truck
22:48
supply in the water for the forest persons from what i saw in the just in
22:53
the world
22:54
of the the rooms for all
22:56
i had no
22:58
exposure
23:00
journey of a lot of rooms everything was coming out
23:02
per portions of the trailer the willing to work
23:06
uh... everything from our vantage point was
23:09
relatively safe
23:13
the fire was controlled within ten seconds
23:16
projectiles were low velocity
23:18
and strong
23:19
but did not impede the firefighters
23:34
over four hundred thousand rounds of ammunition were used during the
23:38
demonstrations shown in this video
23:40
these demonstrations confront that sporting ammunition is difficult to
23:44
ignite
23:45
ammunition does not propagate burned were exploding and subjected to extreme
23:49
stimuli
23:51
when subjected to fire
23:52
ammunition is loud and won't just small debris
23:56
however these projectiles could not be injured firefighters were inhibit them
23:59
from proceeding with their duties in the immediate vicinity of a fire
24:04
firefighters may safely and quickly extinguished burning admission with
24:08
standard method using water
24:11
firefighting personnel must wear standard fire protective gear including
24:15
self-contained breathing apparatus and keep it on while extinguishing hot spots
24:19
after the fire was controlled
24:22
sporting ammunition does not pose a fine air force accident hazard substantially
24:26
different from other common commodities
24:28
and in fact it's months ago was and cancelled products

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****REMINDER**** Every fire has the ability to be catastrophic. The wildland fire management environment has profoundly changed. Growing numbers of communities, across the nation, are experiencing longer fire seasons; more frequent, bigger, and more severe, fires are a real threat. Be careful with all campfires and equipment.
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