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Thursday, August 30, 2012

Quick Look: Cal Fire News Today 08-30-12

 National Fire Activity 
Initial attack activity: Light (99 new fires) 
New large fires:  6 (*) 
Large fires contained:  2 
Uncontained large fires: ** 34 
Area Command Teams committed: 1 
NIMOs committed: 2 
Type 1 IMTs committed: 10 
Type 2 IMTs committed: 12 
 ** Uncontained large fires include only fires being managed under a full suppression 

Four MAFFS C-130 aircraft and support personnel from the 302nd Airlift Wing, Colorado Springs (US Air ForceReserve), and the 153rd Airlift Wing, Cheyenne (Wyoming Air National Guard) are supporting wildland fire suppression operations out of Boise, ID. One MAFFS from the 145th Airlift Wing, Charlotte (North Carolina AirNational Guard), along with one MAFFS from the 146th Airlift Wing, Channel Islands (California Air National Guard) are supporting wildland fire suppression operations out of Sacramento, CA.

California Large Wildfires Today Map
California Large Wildfires Today Map
California Fire Weather: Increases in southwest gradient winds onto our eastern PSAs again this afternoon and Friday afternoon.
 Tightening mid level pressure gradients will lead to stronger SW winds again this afternoon for areas east of the Cascade/ Sierra crest. Maximum temperatures inland bumped upward Wednesday, and they are expected to remain a few degrees above normal into the weekend. 
 Humidity-wise, the north state interior will stay rather dry today, though we can look for some minor rises in RH to begin tomorrow or Saturday. 
 Cause for RH upticks in the west will be a weak low offshore, and a deepening marine layer, and in the east it will be a southerly feed having the western edges of the monsoon moisture. 
 The NW fringes of that monsoon moisture will brush our southeastern NOPS areas starting late tonight, and it might produce some isolated thunderstorm activity late tonight or early Friday.
 Then, the thunderstorm chances increase a little while spreading farther north, Friday p.m and/or night. A second threat period that concerns us is early to mid next week, when we see moisture from present Hurricane Ileana potentially being drawn northward into the Area.

OSCC - Southern California Ops
Light activity with fires picked up in IA.
SoCal Type II IMT team #1(Walker) is being mobilized to the ONCC CA-MNF- North Pass Fire.

ONCC - Northern California Ops
Northern California Area (PL 4)
New fires: 13
New large fires: 0
Uncontained large fires: 9
NIMOs committed: 1
Type 1 IMTs committed: 5
Type 2 IMTs committed: 3

CA-TGU Elk Fire was contained at 100 acres.


CA-SHF Bagley Fire. 31,321 acres. 24% contained.
Isolated torching, short range spotting, and surface fire. Forest road closures remain in effect. The ICP was relocated from Big Bend to Cooley Circle Seven Ranch just south of McCloud.

 In the interest of firefighter and public safety, the Shasta-Trinity National Forest has issued closure areas due to the fire's growth. The closures will remain in place until the area is safe for the public to enter.
Today's Update: Last night crews made progress with strategic burn outs along Forest Road 11 on the fire's north flank. Firefighters continue to use various suppression tactics to improve hand and dozer lines, and to patrol and mop up hot spots near containment lines.
 Reduced winds are expected to help firefighters take more aggressive actions, allowing them to work closer to the fire's edge on the western flank. Containment lines on the fire's east flank from Dutchman Peak south to Iron Canyon Reservoir are holding, and a successful burn out along the line was completed last night. Burn out operations were also successful on the fire's south flank. Crews will continue to hold and patrol control lines today.
 The Team has completed the construction of contingency containment lines from McCloud Reservoir to Grizzly Peak to protect private lands and critical power transmission lines. Crews are constructing additional contingency lines west of McCloud Reservoir to provide additional protection to resources northwest of the fire.
 Under Unified Command, Federal and CalFire resources are working together under a single, coordinated incident command structure to protect both National Forest and private lands.
Fire Behavior and Smoke: Winds are expected to remain light today, however conditions are still critical and capable of producing extreme fire behavior where winds align with canyons. Smoke is expected to hang over the fire and in the McCloud area again today.
Public Safety: Smoke will continue to pose health concerns for the public. Residents are encouraged to visit the "Protect Yourself from Smoke" website for smoke protection information at Local air quality conditions and forecasts are available at
Community Meeting: A community meeting is planned for Friday, August 31, 2012 at 6 PM at McCloud Elemetery School, 332 Hamilton Way, McCloud, CA. Incident Management Team members from the Unified Command will be available to provide an update on the fire and answer questions.
Basic Information
Incident Type Wildfire
Cause Lightning
Date of Origin Saturday August 18th, 2012 approx. 10:07 AM
Location 4 miles west of Big Bend, CA
Incident Commander Mcgowan
Current Situation
Total Personnel 1,347
Size 31,321 acres
Percent Contained 24%
Estimated Containment Date Saturday September 15th, 2012 approx. 12:00 AM
Fuels Involved - Timber litter and understory, brush and hardwood stands intermixed. Fire area has conifer, brush, hardwood stands, logging slash, and pine plantations. High live to dead ratio in brush exists and conifer stands have a heavy loading of dead/down material.
Fire Behavior - Fire behavior included isolated torching, short range spotting, and surface fire spread.
Significant Events: Forest road closures remain in effect.
Outlook/Planned Actions: Crews will continue to patrol and secure direct and indirect containment line. Crews will also continue to improve existing containment line, and prep contingency lines, which includes the construction of contingency line along Bald Mountain Ridge to the McCloud River. Other contingency lines will be scouted northeast of the fire to help protect 500kv transmission lines. Additional burnout operations will be conducted if conditions are favorable.
Growth Potential - Extreme
Terrain Difficulty - Extreme

Remarks: The fire is now being managed under a Unified Command with California Interagency Incident Management Team 1 (McGowan)and CalFire (Flores). Estimated final costs and size of the fire are being re-evaluated due to changes in management objectives for the fire.
Current Weather
Wind Conditions 4 mph SW
Temperature 63 degrees
Humidity 40%

CA-MNF North Pass. 34,119 acres. 28% contained.

 Aggressive fire behavior with crown fire runs and short/intermediate range spotting. The fire is being managed in Unified Command (Wakoski/Brown). Current acreage is 72% Federal and 28% SRA.
Closures and evacuations are in effect for the following areas: Indian Dick Road (USFS Road M1), all residences in the Indian Dick Road (USFS Rd. M1), Mendocino Pass Rd. (FH7) north to the Trinity County line and east to the Tehama County line.
 This order also includes all residences and USFS campsites at Howard Lake Campground, Little Doe Campground, and Hammerhorn Lake Campground and all USFS wilderness trailheads at Blands Cove, Hell Hole, Stick Lake, Foster Glade, Asa Bean, Rock Cabin, Georges Valley, Soldier Ridge, Smokehouse Ridge, and Green Springs.
 Blands Cove Road from the start of the Traveler's Home Trail Head, north to the Trinity County line. Mendocino Pass Road (FH7), north and south of the highway from the Eel River work center east to the Tehama/Glenn County line, including Bauer Ranch subdivision and Forest Service campgrounds.
Road closures: An area closure has been issued and posted for the area surrounding the North Pass fire. Please or for more information. 
 Forest Highway 7 is a primary route between Willows (Sacramento Valley) and the inland communities of Covelo and Round Valley.
 There is a Forest Closure Order for the northern two-thirds of the Covelo Ranger District. The evacuation area will be re-evaluated during each afternoon.
Summary: The Pass Fire (now called North Pass) started on Saturday August 18, 2012 at approximately 2:47 a.m. The fire is in Williams Valley 10 miles north east of Covelo. The fire is actively burning in heavy timber moving northeast into the Yolla Bolly Middle Eel Wilderness. Extreme fire behavior (crowning, torching and long range spotting) have been observed in the afternoons. Firefighters both on the ground and in the air are actively fighting the fire with 1,287 people committed to that effort.
Effective 6:00 a.m. on August 21, 2012, Southern California Interagency Incident Management Team 3 assumed command of the fire. Current management of the fire is under Unified Command between CAL FIRE and US Forest Service. (USFS) The Incident Command Post is located at the Round Valley Airport. Please be aware of increased fire traffic in the area.
 Basic Information
Incident Type Wildfire
Cause Lightning
Date of Origin Saturday August 18th, 2012 approx. 02:47 AM
Location 10 miles NE of Covelo in Williams Valley
Incident Commander Mike Wakoski / Norm Brown
Administrative Unit: CAL FIRE Mendocino Unit / Mendocino National Forest
County: Mendocino County
Current acreage is 72% Federal and 28% State Responsibilty Area (SRA)
Structures Destroyed: 4 residence and 7 outbuildings
Threatened: 64 residences, 5 commercial properties & 65 outbuildings
Injuries: 5
Cause: Lightning
Cooperating Agencies: CAL FIRE, USFS Mendocino, BIA, Covelo Fire, CDCR, California National Guard, Mendocino Co. Sheriff's Dept.
Total Fire Personnel: 2,024 (736 CAL FIRE)
Engines: 160 (58 CAL FIRE)
Fire crews: 41 (20 CAL FIRE)
Airtankers: 2 air tankers
Helicopters: 13 helicopters
Dozers: 29 (11 CAL FIRE)
Water tenders: 31 water tenders
Major Incident Command Team: CAL FIRE is in unified command with the US Forest Service
Conditions: Fire continues to spread north toward the Middle Fork of the Eel River, Hammerhorn Lake, Foster Glade and Asa Bean Ridge within the Yolla Bolly Middle Eel Wilderness, eastward toward Forest Road M2, and south toward Forest Highway 7.
Firefighters continue to establish and improve containment lines while defending structures.
Smoke Conditions: An air quality alert has been issued for the Covelo/Round Valley areas through Monday, August 27. Smoke concentrations in these areas have reached levels considered to be “Hazardous” under state and federal air quality standards.
Current Situation

Total Personnel 2,024
 Estimated Containment Date Monday September 10th, 2012 approx. 12:00 AM
Fuels Involved: Fuels within the fire area include grass,logging slash, mixed conifer stands with an understory of shrubs, litter or grass. There are also areas of brush. There is no recorded fire history for the north side of the fire. ERC's and live fuel moistures are at critical levels.
Fire Behavior: Aggressive fire behavior with surface fire and occasional torching.
Significant Events: Crews continued burning operations in Divisions W, X, and Y (south and southeast part of the fire). Aerial ignition started around 6 p.m. yesterday and will continue this evening until sunset to strengthen control lines on Divisions W, X, and Y. Fire activity on Divisions C and D continued to back towards the Middle Fork of the Eel River. Fire alignment in Fly Creek could potentially impact Divisions W and X (east side of fire) during the next two operational periods. Divisions A/B/Z (west side of the fire) continue to be in mop up (cooling hot spots near the fire line) and patrol status. Assessment of structure losses is ongoing. The northern portion of the fire continues to burn towards Pothole Creek and Steel Bench.
Outlook/Planned Actions
Continue hand firing along Divisions W,X, and Y. Continue aerial ignition prior to sunset on Divisions W, X, and Y. Prep Road M-1 from Little Doe Campground to Beaver Glade for eventual firing and holding. Continue mop up in the western portion of Division C. Continue mop up (cooling the fire)and patrol of Divisions A/B/Z (west and southwest areas of the fire). Begin assessment and implementation of suppression damage repair on Divisions A and B.
Growth Potential Extreme fire behavior with continued spread to the North and East.
Terrain Difficulty - Extreme difficulty due to steep canyons and slopes.
Remarks:  The fire is being managed in Unified Command (Wakoski/Brown). Current acreage is: 72% Federal and 28% SRA. Change in critical need (Type 1 IHC) due to a crew that was enroute to the incident being returned home unit prior to checking in. (order placed). Reportable injuries - sprained ankle (1), bee sting and heat illness (1) requiring hospitalization.
Current Weather
Wind Conditions 2 to 5 mph NE
Temperature 50 -55 degrees
Humidity 15-20%

CA-PNF Chips Fire. 74,125 acres. 91% contained.

 Interior burning with low to moderate fire behavior with high resistance to control.
 Evacuations and Closures: The Plumas County Sheriff's Department has issued an update to area evacuations effective at 10:00 a.m. August 29, 2012. The Advisement for Prattville has been lifted. The Mandatory Evacuation Order for Rocky Point Campground, Big Meadows, Almanor Boat Ramp, Almanor Day Use Area, Camp Connery and Canyon Dam has been lifted to Advisory. The Voluntary Evacuation Notification for Rush Creek has been lifted. Seneca remains under Mandatory evacuation.
 The Plumas and Lassen National Forests continue to maintain area Closures within and surrounding the Chips fire area. This includes the following area of the Pacific Crest Trail: The PCT is officially closed from Three Lakes (in the Bucks Lake Wilderness) on the Plumas National Forest northbound to the Cold Spring trailhead at the Humbug Road (Plumas County Road 307) on the Lassen National Forest. Additionally, using the Caribou Road (Forest Route 27N26) is prohibited, as the area is also officially closed.
 Hikers and equestrians are advised to avoid travel on the portion of the PCT from Bucks Summit, north to Hwy 36. In order to re-route themselves most expeditiously, at Bucks Summit, northbound trail users may travel on Plumas County Road 414 east to Quincy, pick up Highway 70/89 to Chester and then Highway 36 west to resume the trail. Southbound travelers may reverse the process.
 Hikers may also use Plumas County Transit between Quincy and Chester, available weekdays only. The transit schedule can be found at
 Community Meeting: A community meeting will be held Friday, August 31 at 6:00 p.m. at the Chester Memorial Hall, 225 Gay Street, Chester, California.Additional Fire Information: Call (530) 283-3593 and (530) 283-3288 between the hours of 7:30 a.m. and 8 p.m

Basic Information
Incident Type Wildfire
Cause Under Investigation
Date of Origin Sunday July 29th, 2012 approx. 01:57 AM

Location: Plumas and Lassen National Forests, 20 miles NW of Quincy, CA
Personnel: 1,398
 Crews: 6 Type 1, 17 Type 2; Helicopters: 2 Type 1, 3 Type 2, 1 Type 3; Engines: 119; Dozers: 14; Water Tenders: 42)
IC Management: California Interagency Incident Management Team 4

Incident Commander Rocky W. Opliger
Current Situation
Total Personnel 1,398
Estimated Containment Date Friday August 31st, 2012 approx. 12:00 AM
Fuels Involved - 10 Timber (litter and understory) low brush with numerous dead and down 1000 hour logs and standing snags. FM10 is most representative of the fuels and the observed fire behavior.
Fire Behavior - Interior burning with low to moderate fire behavior with high resistance to control.
Significant Events: All lines held.
Outlook/Planned Actions: Mop up, patrol for spots and fire suppression repair.
Growth Potential - Extreme
Terrain Difficulty - Extreme

Fire Status: The burnout operation around Seneca was successful last night. Night crews began lighting off of hand constructed fire line as soon as they arrived on scene, finishing early this morning. This action has reduced fuels around the small mountain community and will give more security to homes and historical structures within the active fire area. Firefighters will begin mop-up operations around Seneca today, removing any trees that pose immediate hazards to structures.

Smoke will continue to be present over the fire area in the next several days as pockets of unburned fuels within containment lines catch fire. Crews continually monitor these fires to ensure they remain low intensity burns that meet firefighting objectives. Aerial resources will be utilized to support suppression efforts within the burn area when necessary.
 Firefighters will resume mopping-up 300 feet into the fire area as well as patrolling the perimeter for spot fires. The probability of ignition remains high due to low fuel moisture and consistently high temperatures. Therefore, it is critical that firefighters mop-up at least 300 feet into the interior of the fire area so hot spots will not escape containment lines.
 A unit dedicated to repairing ground disturbances associated with fire suppression efforts will continue working today. They will be constructing water bars on bulldozer lines around the fire to prevent soil erosion as well as chipping vegetation along road systems. The division is also tasked with removing hazard trees along access roads.
 The US Forest Service has created a Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) Team to address emergency soil stabilization actions to reduce the immediate risks of post-fire erosion. They will also evaluate long-term restoration and recovery of the burned forest ecosystem. Additionally, safety of the public and USFS employees in the post-burned area is of utmost importance so there may be a need to close some areas until hazards from dead trees along roads, trails and adjacent to administrative sites can be removed. Mid-term and long-term risks that burned trees pose will be considered during the evaluation of post-fire salvage options.
Remarks: Type 1 helicopters are essential to pick up spot fires and support ground troops in line construction and mop up around critcial infastructure. PG&E crews are repairing poles in the Caribou-Westwood line and the lines from Butt Valley dam to the North fork of the Feather river. Nor Cal team 2 is planned to inbrief Thursday at 1900, shadow on Friday and assume command at 0600 Saturday. Total burned acres are at 74,125. Plumas NF burned acres 47,122, Lassen NF 18,458, SRA burned acres 8545.
Current Weather
Wind Conditions 15 mph SW
Temperature 94 degrees
Humidity 7%

CA-KNF Fort Complex Fire. 18,148 acres. 25% contained.
 Backing fire with 4 to 5 foot flames.
Evacuations: Siskiyou County Sheriff's Office is issuing a Mandatory Evacuation Notice to the residents of Seiad Valley that live on Seiad Creek Road, Seiad Oaks Road and some portions of th
e west side of Highway 96 due to the threat of the Goff Fire. At this stage the wildfire is estimated to be 6 hours away from potential threat to private property. Sheriff’s Deputies along with Siskiyou County Sheriff’s Department Search and Rescue and Sheriffs Posse are going door to door to notifying residents that they must evacuate the area. The Siskiyou County Sheriff’s Department will be patrolling 24 hours in the evacuated areas. At this time we do not know how long the evacuations will last, as soon as it is safe for residents to return to their homes notices will be given.
During the evacuation Seiad Creek Road will be closed and possibly additional roads depending on fire behavior.
An evacuation center has been established at the Siskiyou Golden Fair Ground, 1172 Fairlane Road, Yreka, California. 
Domesticated animals will be allowed at the evacuation center, however they will be the responsibility of the owner, there will not be staff to care for them. 
The Siskiyou Golden Fairgrounds will be available to house livestock of those residents that have evacuated. The Sheriff’s Posse is available to assist in evacuating livestock from the threatened areas.
For additional information contact the Siskiyou County Sheriff Department at (530) 841-2900, or the Goff Fire Information Center at (530)493-1514

Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest Fire Prevention Public Use Restriction
Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest Trail and Road Closures
Klamath National Forest Trail and Road Closures
Pacific Crest Trail Closed Due to Goff Fire: There is a current closure of the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) from Highway 96 to Lily Pad Lake. Please visit the Klamath National Forest website at for complete closure information.

 The Goff Fire as of 6:00 AM August 30 is estimated at 16,765 acres and 16 percent contained. Management of the Goff Fire is being handled by a National Incident Management Organization or NIMO Team. Keep checking back here for Goff Fire information updates. Command of the Hello, Lick and Fruit Fires has been transferred back to the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest. No additional updates on the Hello, Lick or Fruit Fires are expected unless conditions change. 
Goff FireCredit: Siskiyou County Sheriff Department
 The total acreage of the four fires that are within the Fort Complex is 18,148 acres (Goff Fire - 16,765 acres; Hello Fire - 977 acres; Lick Fire - 403 acres; Fruit - 3 acres which has been contained). The overall containment of the Fort Complex is 25 percent.

A lightning storm that moved through the Northern California and Southern Oregon area on August 5th, 2012, started multiple fires on the Klamath National Forest and the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest. Firefighters from both forests quickly contained many of the fires over several days. However the Hello, Lick, and Goff Fires are located in steep and rugged terrain. The Hello Fire in the Red Buttes Wilderness and the Lick Fire, about five miles east of the Red Buttes Wilderness, are in the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest. Together with the Goff Fire, which is on both the Klamath National Forest and the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest are being managed as the Fort Complex.

Basic Information
Incident Type Wildfire
Cause Lightning
Date of Origin Sunday August 05th, 2012 approx. 07:00 PM
Location Seiad, California
Incident Commander Dan Kleinman
Current Situation
Total Personnel 642
Size 18,148 acres
Percent Contained 25%
Estimated Containment Date Monday October 15th, 2012 approx. 12:00 AM
Fuels Involved - The Fort Complex of fires are burning in brush, timber and timber understory.
Fire Behavior - The Goff fire continues to be a backing fire with 4 to 5 foot flame lengths.
Significant Events: Goff Fire - Fire reached parts of Highway 96. Fire also moved down to control lines in portions of the Seiad Valley.
Outlook/Planned Actions: Goff Fire - Mop up and hold fire north of Seiad Valley and Hwy 96. Crews will continue to construct fire line on the west flank above Thompson Creek Drainage.
Growth Potential - The growth potential for the Goff Fire is high.
Terrain Difficulty - The Goff Fire is burning in extreme terrain
Remarks: Last nights 1800 cost was adjusted due to an error in data entry. 

  •  Hello fire 977 acres 85%
  •  Lick fire 403 acres 97%
  •  Fruit fire 3 acres 100%
  •  Goff fire 16,765 acres 16%
Current Weather
Wind Conditions 2 mph SE
Temperature 52 degrees
Humidity 59%

CA-NOD Rush Fire. 315,577 acres. 96% contained.

 The fire is expected to be contained at 1800 on 8/30. acres).
Basic Information
Incident Type Wildfire
Cause Lightning
Date of Origin Sunday August 12th, 2012 approx. 06:42 PM
Location 15 miles SE of Ravendale, California
Incident Commander Turman
Current Situation
Total Personnel 497
Size 315,577 acres
Percent Contained 96%
Estimated Containment Date Thursday August 30th, 2012 approx. 06:00 PM
Fuels Involved: Grass, sagebrush, junipers (5 Brush - 2 Feet)
Fire Behavior: On Wednesday, only creeping and smoldering seen.
Outlook/Planned Actions: On Thursday, crews will continue to go after hot spots. Supression repairs will continue.
Growth Potential - Low
Terrain Difficulty - High

Remarks: Officials hope to call the fire "contained" by 6 p.m. on Thursday. The fire has burned 271,911 acres in California and 43,666 acres in Nevada. The following resources are assigned to the fire: 497 firefighters and support people, 2 helicopters, 14 engines, 6 bulldozers, and 21 water tenders. The California acreage figure makes the Rush fire the second largest in modern California history.
Current Weather
Wind Conditions 8 g23 mph SW
Temperature 86 degrees
Humidity 2%

CA-TGU Ponderosa Fire. 27,676 acres. 99% contained.
 The protection of life and property remain the foremost priority and concern.
Conditions: Residents in the area will still see fire equipment driving throughout the communities to patrol and mop up the hot spots that may arise in the fire area. Repairs to damage caused by firefighting efforts continue to be made throughout the area affected. Fire damaged trees exist and continue to present a hazard. We urge the public to use caution on roadways in and around the fire area while fire crews are still present.
Phone Numbers (530) 528-0528 (Fire Information)
Basic Information

Date/Time Started: August 18, 2012 11:37 am
Administrative Unit: CAL FIRE Tehama-Glenn Unit
County: Tehama & Shasta Counties
Location: Off Ponderosa Way, southeast of Manton
Acres Burned: 27,676 acres
Containment 27,676 acres - 99% contained
Expected containment on Friday, 8/31.
Structures Destroyed: 52 residences & 81 outbuildings destroyed; 1 residence & 5 outbuildings damaged
Threatened: No further threat remains.
Evacuations: All evacuation orders and road closures have been lifted.
Injuries: 7
Cause: Lightning
Cooperating Agencies: CAL FIRE, Tehama and Shasta County Sheriff, CHP, CDCR, CAL TRANS, SPI, PG&E
Total Fire Personnel: 1,382 (1,189 CAL FIRE)
Engines: 86 (80 CAL FIRE)
Fire crews: 40 CAL FIRE
Helicopters: 1 helicopter
Dozers: 8 (3 CAL FIRE)
Water tenders: 37 water tenders

  • Ask questions of local experts! What kinds of questions would you ask? 
  • Does the operational period plan give you adequate weather and information? What kinds of weather forecasts can you get? What other weather or local information do you look for in the shift plan? 
  • Can you get information from resources that have been on the fire? What questions will you ask of the crew that you are replacing? 
  • Is there any other way to obtain information? Common sources of information on weather and local factors (Examples: Web based weather Activity Planner, Point Forecast Matrix, NOAA Internet Briefing) 
To reduce risks: 
  • Base all actions on current and expected fire behavior.  
  • Post lookouts.  
  • Establish escape routes and safety zones.  
  • Take extra caution! Discuss a fire where you relied on information from the local unit (perhaps where your fire knowledge and experience was very different from how they did 
  • things—southeast or Alaska).  
  • Recognize and report visual indicators (clouds, WX obs., cold front passage, inversion breaking.)
LCES - 10 Standard Fire Orders - 18 Watchout Situations

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****REMINDER**** Every fire has the ability to be catastrophic. The wildland fire management environment has profoundly changed. Growing numbers of communities, across the nation, are experiencing longer fire seasons; more frequent, bigger, and more severe, fires are a real threat. Be careful with all campfires and equipment.
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